Academic activity


Notwithstanding the admission to the Italian bar and a strong background in law, my activity is by now devoted to the academic venture on Law & Economics. Building upon my past legal experience as a judicial clerk and attorney, alongside the lessons learned working side by side international organizations such as the ILO and UNESCO, I am now focusing my research on the economic analysis of judicial institutions.

The fulcrum of my analysis is devoted to an ancient labor institution, called Conseil de prud’hommes. This is the employment jurisdiction of France, in charge of dealing with individual labor disputes. The main particularity of this court is that judges are appointed among unionist, pertaining to both sides of the labor conflict.

The role of the most confrontational trade unions among this institution has been disputed. Nevertheless, to understand the reasons for their adversarial attitude, I have decided to look back to history, discovering that much of their resistance to social dialogue is rooted in a not particularly well-known agricultural crisis happened in the 19th century, when trade unions were emerging. Surprisingly, one of the trigger factors of the typical adversarial methods of these syndicates lies in a super tiny insect, of the size of a pencil point. So far, comments from the academia were quite enthusiastic.

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You can find the final version of the paper published here, explaining the relationship between the vine parasite and the attitude of nowadays labor judges, at the following link:

Do litigants settle when they face non-reformist judges? Evidence from French labor courts

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A second paper on the role of attorneys and judges over judicial delay is available here:

Attorneys and adversarial judges: chronic procrastinators?

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A third paper analyzing the recent reform of labor courts, made by the French President in pectore Emmanuel Macron, is available here:

On the right track? Some first remarks on the structural reform of French labor courts







All papers are protected under the Italian and European copyright law.

© Umberto Nizza, All rights reserved.