Academia

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I am currently a postdoctoral fellow in economics and econometrics at the University of Verona. My background is in international and civil law. I am a former attorney and international consultant.  I have a PhD in economics (Collegio Carlo Alberto) and I am currently involved in a Horizon2020 project, an EU Cost Action on judicial efficiency and a Jean Monnet Module on legal and economic innovation.

A chapter of my doctoral thesis is published by the prestigious Journal of Institutional Economics (Cambridge University Press), and it is available at the following DOI. The paper uses a fancy instrumental variable (the epidemic disaster of phylloxera and the collapse of the wine market) to explain nowadays propensity of trade unions to litigate and, therefore, explain alternative dispute resolution mechanisms among French labor courts.

A second and third work analyze the role of specialised attorneys and professional magistrate in inducing long litigation among tribunals managed by lay judges, using three instrumental variables, rooted in historical evidence and intuition, to cope with endogeneity issues. This paper is published by the journal Economia Politica, at the following DOI.

Another work on courts’ efficiency concentrates the attention of the reader on the role of post colonial roots (in particular, using the known division between common and civil law countries) to explain differences among international criminal judges in the qualification of serious international crimes (genocide and crimes against humanity in particular). The paper highlights statistical significant differences between judicial panel majorities in determining the final verdict (guilty/not guilty) on the base of the historical existing institutional roots.

A second stream of research is related to a pure political economy problem and concentrates the attention on politicians, productivity, and electoral incentives.

I am currently refining a paper named Love never betrays. Deputies do. An empirical study of parliamentarians’ productivity empirical analyzes lawmaking productivity. The paper uses different historical instrumental variable to explain the betrayals attitudes of the members of the parliament explaining, in turn, how they affect MPs’ legislative productivity.

A second paper (Should I stay or should I go. Senatorial absenteeism and lawmaking productivity) analyzes Senatorial productivity and the underlying incentives regarding absenteeism and political rent seeking, with an eye to the political commitment (or legal exclusion for such commitments) of the population.

I am also investigating (with the colleague A. Zago) the role of the spritz cocktail in the expansion of Italy in the international market arena. This is gonna be good. In light of the recent positions expressed against abortion by some members of the government, who intend to provide subsidies to anti-abortion associations, I am also investigating (with the colleague F. Paruzzo), the (un)constitutional role of medical conscientious objections on women fundamental rights to manage their own body.

My current research agenda is particularly dense, but I am ready to discuss any collaboration for the future.  I am currently collecting data on the current pandemic shock to produce two empirical works on altruism and trust of others. Finally, regarding Justice efficiency, I am involved in a massive data collection on crimes and determinants of limitation period in Italy.

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© Umberto Nizza, All rights reserved.